How To Build A Traditional Bulgarian Yurt

Categories: Homes / Dwellings

Bulgarians have been living in their yurts out of pragmatic reasons way before it was considered by western hippies to be something you do to look cool. This traditional yurt is assembled by 2-3 people within 2-4 hours. An average price within Bulgaria for a yurt like this begins from ~ 180 eur / m2 using natural materials sourced from local bulgarian producers.

The first artifacts connected with yurts – this great human invention, date from the late Bronze Age, by the time of the Culture of Andronov, originating in the Eastern European steppes around the Third century BC and with the time she spread across the East, across Ural, Tien-Shan and Middle Asia, to the far Iranian plateau to the south-east.

The yurt is a bright evidence for the experience of the humans, for the awareness of their own living space and understanding of nature, for their aspiration for harmony and perfection.

Becoming a symbol of the nomadic people, the yurt, is distinguished by their ordinariness and efficientcy and fully complies with the concept in ancient Chinese art “sophisticated simplicity”.

The yurt does not let rain, cold and heat in.  She “breaths” like a live organism.

With the adequate insulation the yurt is “paying off”, she maintains a relatively constant internal temperature at atmospheric temperature range from minus 400 C to plus 400 C.

The yurt is “reliable”, there is no analogue seismic resistance and theoretically no earthquake that could destroy the well-made yurt.

The yurt “fights back”, she withstands hurricane winds around 1.5 times more in comparison with wooden houses.

The yurt doesn’t have windows, she “listens” to the nature.

The feelings inside a yurt are unique, because she has an own microcosm and an own soul. An incredible experience in a completely different world. There are no angles and barriers, she creates a positive feeling for a direct connection with the cosmos. Separated from the nature with thin, only natural materials, walls, the yurt forms an own energy area, while providing comfort and protection of the bosom.

The yurt is manufactured from completely ecological materials (wood, hides, cotton, wool and linen), its functional, mobile, can be rapidly assembled and disassembled (for an hour, two). In the yurt  there is no concrete, no metal, no chemicals and preparations.

Kinds of yurts:

The world of yurts is varied like nature itself. Being an ancient and main residence of the different peoples and passing from culture to culture, the yurt is a clear testimony of their traditions, beliefs, entities. She was that “tabula rasa”, on which each nation has added something from them, they have left a small part from their spirit, from their soul and a message to future generations. Even today, each nation, connected by some way with the past of the yurt has an unique legend about her, his own vision for her, own materials and design, but the main form, the main construction, the main principles have not changed for a more than five centuries.

If we generalize and analyse the available information of the past and present, we can conditionally break the yurts in to two types – Turkic and Mongolian. The Turkic yurts are used by the Kazakhs, Kirghiz and Turkmen tribes and the Mongol yurts, in practice, are used by the other nomadic peoples of Mongolia, Buryat, Kalmykia, Tuva and Tibet. 

Turkic Yurt 

Mongolian Yurt

By the Turkic yurts, the wooden slats of the roof are curved in the part which joins the grid / wall of the building, making the roof with a dome-shaped form, and not as a straight cone. The weight of the dome is distributed through the curved poles of the walls of the yurt, which are also curved and that increases their bearing capacity and allows not to put supports.

By the Mongolian yurts, the wooden slats of the roof are made from a straight up trees, which gives a strict cone type roof. In the Mongolian yurt there is no bending of the slats of the roof and the weight is concentrated in the centre of the yurt, and because of that in the larger ones are placed supports, on which the crown is placed.

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